Elementary age is the most crucial period within the development of a toddler’s life useful resource Education, the level of development of his sociality, the development of social members of the family, the enrichment of worldview and the improvement of personal features. 

This stage of existence is in particular important for kids with mental disabilities, due to the fact most of them, as confirmed by facts, are not blanketed by public preschool schooling, because of this that the kid does not receive qualified correctional help before getting into school.

Technological know-how has demonstrated that of all the useful deviations inside the nation of human health in phrases of social outcomes, intellectual retardation is the most not unusual and intense developmental disorder.

Societal Requirements

 Modern societal requirements for the improvement Education of the personality of youngsters with developmental disabilities dictate the need to more fully implement the idea of individualization of training, taking into account the readiness of youngsters for school, the severity of their illness, and their country. 

Of fitness, and man or woman standard traits. Because of this we’re speaking about the want to provide a complete variety of help to children, aimed toward overcoming Education the problems in getting to know the expertise, talents and capabilities of this system, as a way to ultimately contribute to an extra hit social adaptation and their inclusion in it. 

Of fitness, and character common characteristics. Because of this we’re speakme about the need to offer a comprehensive variety of assistance to youngsters, geared toward overcoming the problems in studying the understanding, talents and abilities of the program, which will in the end make a contribution to a greater success social adaptation and their inclusion in it. 


Of fitness, and personal common traits. Because of this we’re speakme about the need to provide a complete range of help to youngsters, geared toward overcoming the difficulties in mastering the expertise, capabilities and talents of the program, with the intention to in the long run make contributions to a more successful social edition and their inclusion in it.

The obligations of humanization and individualization of the technique of upbringing and education of kids with intellectual disabilities, in turn, require the creation of the vital Education situations for his or her complete improvement, which turn out to be topics of lengthy-time period hobby Education. 

The direction application “development of psychomotor and cognitive strategies” turned into evolved in connection with the mixing of this topic in the correctional and developmental location, because of the need to offer certified mental and pedagogical help to youngsters with disability.


That is taken into consideration a system of development, correction and rehabilitation technology aimed at growing internal and outside situations for revealing ability possibilities for the intellectual improvement of the child’s persona and expanding limitations of his interaction with the surroundings.

This path combines two sections: psychomotor and cognitive techniques. Psychometrics is a set of consciously controlled motor moves of a person, in addition to “live” human movements that form a type of concord with muscular feeling. The psychomotor is intended for the execution of voluntary movements, beneficial actions in the process of obtaining and converting records.


The cognitive sphere undergoes the improvement Education of cognitive functions: the perception of incoming statistics and the accumulation of socio-emotional revel in, memory, attention, questioning and mental operations. Consequently, the cognitive sphere is the maximum vital mechanism by which someone enters the environment, interacts with it and will become a part of it.

The trouble of psychomotor and cognitive development of children Education with developmental problems is taken into consideration one of the most essential in fixing the troubles of their social and labour version to a special (correctional) college and the improvement of life competencies.

The development of psychomotor and cognitive strategies in pupils and college students creates a requirement for his or her complete participation in studying the college curriculum and social edition in wellknown.

The course “development of psychomotor and cognitive techniques” is most in demand in standard school, because this era is touchy for the improvement of functions of emotional and volitional regulation, strength of will, motivation in schooling, cognitive interest, correction of person idea tactics. , motor disinhibition, coordination of movements and improvement of basic sensory standards.

Pursuits AND objectives OF THE training direction

Program reason:

Development of psychomotor and sensory functions, cognitive approaches. Social development – emotional properly -being of kids by way of growing a feel of internal stability. Selling a hit and speedy variation of college students to mastering sports.

Application goals:

Developing a psychological foundation for the improvement of better intellectual function:

Correction of deficiencies in the motor sphere.  Improvement of first-class and widespread motor abilities. Creating situations for complete inter-analyzer interplay through a system of special games and sporting activities.

Growing better mental functions:

The development of a mental hobby Education  (intellectual hobby, visible varieties Education of thinking, intellectual operations, concrete-idea and essential-conclusive wondering).Development of creative hobby. Development of attention characteristics: awareness, stability, transition, distribution, amount; growth in reminiscence potential in visible, auditory, tactile modalities;

Three. Correcting the emotional and personal sphere:

Improvement of the emotional capability to modify a person’s conduct, growing behavioural flexibility, capabilities of properly responding to exceptional life situations. The development of means for powerful scholar interplay (the potential to negotiate, surrender, see the achievement of others, examine their own merits).

As a part of the monitoring, a survey changed into performance among college students at the beginning and end of the 12 months. The reason for the survey was to investigate the Education level of improvement of better intellectual feature, the emotional development of younger students.

The pupil is invited to concentrate carefully on words unrelated to the which means after which they repeat them. The phrases are studied slowly and absolutely. Children’s feedback and feedback aren’t allowed. The words are examined once.


The kid is able to memorise 10 cards on which distinctive objects are drawn, pretty big. Exposure time card 15-30 sec.A photograph (a photograph of an item, a geometric determination, an image) is taken as a unit of memory potential. College students are requested Education to memorise the maximum number of photographs from the desk displayed.

Goal: analyse the extent of mediated memorization children Education are referred to as phrases (15), where it is essential to choose up playing cards (30) to be able to help to not forget them.

The evaluation is performed using unique forms with Education sets of randomly arranged letters. Students scan the textual content column in every row and cross out a few letters indicated inside the instructions. The child is offered to perceive all the snapshots of the contours that overlap each other and deliver each of the objects its personal call.

Students are invited to look for missing details (components) in drawings of numerous items, on occasion extraordinarily critical and simply seen, and now and again much less said, even though essential for the situation.

The look at of visual-figurative, verbal-logical questioning

The sheets describe “clearing” with tree branches and houses at their ends. Playing cards (“letters”) are presented for every clearing, with the circumstance of describing the course to one of the houses. Children need to discover the proper house and mark it.

Objective: Have a look at the features of visual gnosis, figurative-logical Education questioning, recognizing a child’s humorousness. College students are requested to look at “ridiculous” photos and discover what confuses the artist.

Exclusion of ideas

The kid solves an “irrelevant” concept Education and explains on what foundation (precept) he or she made it. Similarly, he must pick a popular word for all other words.

Eleven. “Drawing” method (writer: Guilford and Torrens)

Purpose: The examination of figurative creativity.

The kid turned it presented to complete the photo that the Education “actor” did not have time to finish. To finish the drawing, kids are usually supplied 3-4 contours in flip (as they’re completed). After finishing every task, the child will be asked what exactly is drawn in the picture.

To evaluate the intellectual development of college students in the 4th grade, each strategy had been proposed, but to analyse the extent of intellectual development, the EF technique. The reason for the technique: to determine the extent of intellectual improvement.

Monetary totality

The course “improvement of psychomotor and cognitive system” is included within the correctional and developmental area.Sixty eight hours are allocated for the study of the route “development of psychomotor and cognitive process” in grades three-four.

In this painting software, sixty two hours are allocated for the correctional and developmental route (2 hours in line with week, 34 instructional weeks), taking into consideration the diagnostics of the scholars, that is performed over  weeks inside the first segment. Of September and past due might also.

Section 1. Development of nice motor abilities

Includes video games and physical games geared toward growing manipulative function of the hands, kinesiology physical games, and hand-eye coordination.

Section 2. Development of visible perception

The lessons goal to expand sensory requirements (coloration, size of items), improvement of notion of items from an unusual angle (superimposed, noisy, lacking snap shots), spatial representation (a exercise within the formation of a strong variant of left and proper aspects, using prepositions denoting the spatial relative position of items) and temporal relations (determining the times of the week, parts of the day, seasons.


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